What role will robots play after the outbreak?
On April 10, 20 industrial robots were started in the production workshop of a mask processing factory in Wenzhou, Zhejiang Province. They became the "workers" of the factory under the epidemic. These "workers" are full of energy, loading, unloading, and leaving the factory ... With their assistance, the factory's pressured orders are expected to be delivered one month in advance.
On April 1, two "new waiters" came to a car shop in Fuzhou. Two fully automated car wash robots are providing car wash services to car owners in an orderly manner.
On March 25th, in the Ningde era vehicle power battery production line, more than a dozen processes including materials, processing, testing and inspection were completed by robots.
After the outbreak, many off-site workers were unable to return to their jobs at home, resulting in problems such as shortage of enterprises and idle work of employees. Automated production represented by industrial robots has increasingly attracted industry attention. But what role will robots play after the epidemic?
Chips bet to the robot
JOEY is the person in charge of the mask processing factory in Wenzhou mentioned above. He told reporters that during the period from the end of February to the end of March this year, the epidemic situation in Wenzhou was serious. As a result, his factory has not been resumed. Seeing that the delivery time of batches of orders is approaching, the workers on the production line have not yet arrived.
"Labor shortage" has caused JOEY to be hesitated. The investment in industrial robots is relatively large at a time, and the investment in an automation equipment accounts for almost 2-3 years of labor costs. So, a multiple choice question lay in front of him: expand the scale of employment, or introduce "robots".
The difficulty of resuming work after the epidemic made JOEY realize the uncontrollable human factors. JOEY chose the latter-JOEY found a domestic enterprise that produces fully automatic equipment, and introduced industrial robot equipment with more than 2 million yuan to accelerate the production rhythm and scale.
"Automated production is the future trend." JOEY said that this trend will come sooner or later, and if he wants to gain an advantage in the new round of market competition, he must adapt to such changes as soon as possible.
Similarly, car dealer Xu Fei also got into such a dilemma. "The price of the fully automatic car washing machine is about 150,000. If you use a car washing worker, you need to recruit 5-6 people, and the number of car washing is not up. After all, people have limited physical fitness. Now I use an automatic car washing machine. It takes 28 seconds in a circle to wash evenly and clean the gaps. No matter how long it takes to recover the cost, automation is a trend and it is time to start adapting to market competition. "
In the post-epidemic era, how do robots stand out?
The reporter found that after the pneumonia epidemic, manufacturing companies' awareness of automated production is expected to be greatly improved. But cost recovery is still one of the factors that companies must consider when investing in automated production.
In recent years, as the domestic robot industry chain has gradually matured, the cost of robots has gradually decreased. According to data released by the International Federation of Robotics (IFR), domestic industrial robot sales reached US $ 5.12 billion in 2017, an increase of 30% year-on-year; the supply chain of the upstream and downstream industries of the robot industry has further matured from 2018 to 2019, and the cost of domestic robot products has fallen At present, robot companies with strong product capabilities in the industry have reduced the investment recovery period of their products to within 2 years to 1.5 years.
The industrial robot industry chain is long and involves many companies. In this industrial chain, the fundamental driving force of machine substitution is its economics relative to labor. The localization and cost reduction of upstream core components are one of the means of realization.
Relevant data shows that the localization rate of industrial robots is currently around 30%, and the localization rate of core parts is lower than that of the main body. It is gratifying that China's robot "13th Five-Year Plan" proposed that the localization rate should reach 50%.
How to maximize the input to output ratio?
With the outbreak of the outbreak, the consciousness of investing in automated production is constantly improving in different industries. But for many SMEs, how to maximize the input-to-output ratio is the biggest problem facing them.
For example, in the epidemic situation, the automatic mask production machine once appeared "one machine is difficult to find". "Originally, a mask semi-automatic production machine of 50,000 to 100,000 yuan turned over three to five times overnight, and rose to a 350,000 to 400,000 yuan. In addition, in some small batch production links, the flexibility of automation equipment It ’s still not as good as manual labor. ”It is still unknown whether he would continue to expand the scale of mask production after the epidemic.
There is no small factory with stable orders. During the epidemic, small and precise automated production was entered. But after the outbreak, the output cannot be guaranteed. Who will be willing to continue to consider the degree of automation?
"Now, lithium batteries are developing in the direction of safety and standardization. The requirements for equipment efficiency, precision, stability, and automation are gradually increasing. Especially for power batteries, which require high quality battery cells, the market demand for fully automated equipment is Gradually increasing, the transformation and upgrading of large-scale enterprises have accelerated. "Li Qing told reporters that the cell production line of the Ningde era has now completely" visualized production data, "" transparent production process, "" unmanned production site. "
Large-sized enterprises naturally have the advantage of orders, but SMEs face survival problems, so whether it is "robot first" or "order first" is really a game of chickens and eggs.